Other longitudinal studies


Longitudinal Studies of Children

Australia and New Zealand

Australian Temperament Project (ATP)

The Australian Temperament Project (ATP) is a longitudinal study of children's development that began in 1983 with the enrolment of a representative sample of over 2000 infants and their families from urban and rural areas of Victoria. The study investigates pathways to psychosocial adjustment across childhood and adolescence, and the influence of personal, family and environmental factors.

Christchurch Health and Development Study

The Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS) has been in existence for 35 years.

During this time we have followed the health, education and life progress of a group of 1,265 children born in the Christchurch (New Zealand) urban region during mid 1977.

This cohort has now been studied from infancy into childhood, adolescence and adulthood.

The data gathered over the course of the study now comprises some 50 million characters of information describing the life history of this cohort.

The study has published over 390 scientific papers, books and book chapters describing the 30 year life history of the CHDS cohort.

Competent Children, Competent Learners

The Competent Children, Competent Learners longitudinal project of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research tracks the development of a group of children from near 5 through school. It analyses the impact of different experiences and resources on a range of competencies, and what can help narrow the gaps between children.

Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study

The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study is a continuing study of the health and development of 1037 babies born in Dunedin's Queen Mary Maternity Hospital between 1 April 1972 and 31 March 1973. The babies were studied at birth, then followed up and assessed through childhood and adolescence and into adulthood.

Footprints in Time – The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC)

LSIC is collecting information about the lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, covering areas such as health, culture, education, housing and family relationships. The study is designed to determine how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children develop resilience, what helps to improve their wellbeing and future, and to recognise links between early childhood experiences and later life outcomes. The study began in 2008-2009 with two cohorts of children – one aged between 6-18 months old and one between 3-4 years old.

Growing Up in New Zealand

Growing Up in New Zealand is a research study to gather information about a group of 7,000 children from the Auckland, Counties-Manukau and Waikato district health board areas from before their births until they are adults. The research asks questions about health and wellbeing, family/ whanau, education, psychological & cognitive development, the neighbourhood & environment and culture & identity so that holistic information about children in the context of their families and community can be gathered.

Life Chances Study

Conducted by the Brotherhood of St Laurence, the Life Chances longitudinal study commenced in 1990 in order to examine the life opportunities and life outcomes of a small group of children born in inner Melbourne. The study looks at the influences of social, economic and environmental factors in children's lives, and compares the lives of children in families on low incomes with those in more affluent circumstances.

Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy and its Outcomes (MUSP)

The MUSP longitudinal study commenced between 1981-1983 through collaboration between the Mater Mothers Hospital in Brisbane, and the University of Queensland. The study began as a prospective study of 8556 pregnant women and has collected data on both mother and child after birth, through childhood and adolescence, and into early adulthood. The main focus of the study has been the assessment of the health and social outcomes for both mother and child.

The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study

The Raine Study is a longitudinal pregnancy cohort study. 3000 pregnant women were recruited into the study between 1989 and 1992 at around 18 weeks of pregnancy. Their offspring have been surveyed at multiple timepoints over pregnancy, infancy, childhood, adolescence and now young adulthood. The Raine Study provides a rich resource for the study of environmental and genetic factors that affect health and development.



All Babies in Southeast Sweden study (Swedish website)

The ABIS study is a population-based cohort study in which newborn infants have been followed from birth and onwards with regular biological samples and questionnaires. See also Children's assent and participation in a longitudinal cohort study of child health.

Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)

Supported by the University of Bristol, ALSPAC originated in the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC). ALSPAC recruited more than 14,000 pregnant women with estimated dates of delivery between April 1991 and December 1992. These women, the children arising from the index pregnancy and the women's partners have been followed up since then and detailed data collected throughout childhood. The study's main aim is to understand the ways in which the physical and social environments interact over time with genetic inheritance, to affect children's health, behaviour and development.


The aim of birthcohorts.net is to facilitate exchange of knowledge and collaboration between cohorts and researchers. The website includes a list of European birth cohort studies, together with key information such as number of participants, design, data, contact people and other information.

Danish National Longitudinal Study of Children: Young Children in Care Study

The Danish National Longitudinal Study of Children and the Young Children in Care Study are being conducted by the Danish National Centre for Social Research. The National Longitudinal Study of Children born in 1995 is a unique dataset which aims to monitor children from birth to adulthood. The study examines the health and development of children as well as the effects of non-institutional sources of learning and institutional welfare efforts. The Young Children in Care study focuses on children from the 1995 cohort who have been placed in care.
Danish National Longitudinal Study of Children - more details [Word doc 40 KB]

European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC)

ELSPAC is a prospective longitudinal study conducted in several European countries. The study follows a selected sample of children and their families from the pregnancy of the mother, through delivery, puerperium, infancy and adolescence until 19 years of the child's age. The aim is to identify factors which influence healthy development of the children positively and negatively.

The Generation R Study (The Netherlands)

The Generation R Study is a cohort study from fetal life until young adulthood in a multi-ethnic urban population. The study is designed to identify early environmental and genetic causes of normal and abnormal growth, development and health from fetal life until young adulthood. Almost 10,000 mothers with a delivery date between April 2002 and January 2006 were enrolled in the study.

German Youth Institute longitudinal studies

The German Youth Institute (DJI) is Germany's largest non-university research institute devoted to the study of children, youth and families. The institute conducts three major longitudinal studies:

Growing Up in Ireland

Growing Up in Ireland is a government study that aims to paint a picture of children in Ireland and how they are developing in the current social, economic and cultural environment. The information gathered from the study will contribute to the future design of policies and services to ensure all children can have the best possible start in life. The study includes two cohorts of children: 8500 nine-year-olds and 10,000 nine-month-olds. The first wave of data collection commenced in 2007 and the study plans to follow the two cohorts of children over seven years.

Growing Up in Scotland

Growing Up in Scotland (GUS) was launched in 2005 and is following the progress of 2 groups of Scottish children and their families - 5,000 born between June 2004 and May 2005 and 3,000 born between June 2002 and May 2003. The study aims to follow this national sample from infancy through to their teens. GUS is funded by the Scottish Government and is being carried out by the Scottish Centre for Social Research, in collaboration with the Centre for Research on Families and Relationships at the University of Edinburgh and the MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit at Glasgow University.

Life Study

Life Study will track the growth, development, health and well-being of over 80,000 UK babies born between 2014 and 2018 and their families. It will create the largest UK collection of information to support research and policy. It is run by the University College London, Medical Research Council and Economic & Social Research Council.

Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), Centre for Longitudinal Studies

The Family Study is designed to work in partnership with the Millennium Cohort Study to better understand how military families are handling military life.

Because the impact of military service on families may not be known immediately, the Family Study is designed to follow military families over the next 21 years.

By surveying participants once every three years, we can assemble a more accurate picture of the impact of various experiences military families encounter over time (PCS moves, deployments, homecomings, childbirth).

National Child Development Study (NCDS), Centre for Longitudinal Studies

The NCDS is a continuing longitudinal study that seeks to follow the lives of all those living in Great Britain who were born in one particular week in 1958. The aim of the study is to improve understanding of the factors affecting human development over the whole lifespan.

Survey Resources Network

The aim of the Survey Resources Network is to provide a coherent and integrated approach to the development of skills and knowledge, the dissemination of research findings and research resources, and the promotion of best survey practice. The Network includes an extensive question bank and other resources.


North America

Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS) (USA)

CILS is a longitudinal study designed to study the adaptation process of the immigrant second generation which is defined broadly as U.S.-born children with at least one foreign-born parent or children born overseas but brought at an early age to the U.S. The original survey was conducted in 1992 with samples of over 5000 children in Years eight and nine. Two follow up surveys were conducted – just before the children finished high school and in early adulthood.

Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS) (USA)

The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS) program includes three longitudinal studies that examine child development, school readiness, and early school experiences. Cohorts were selected at birth and kindergarten and will be followed through childhood and early adolescence.

Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) (USA)

LONGSCAN is a consortium of research studies operating under common by-laws and procedures, initiated in 1990 with grants from the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect to a coordinating center at the University of North Carolina and five satellite sites. The goal of LONGSCAN is to follow children and their families until the children themselves become young adults. Comprehensive assessments of children, their parents, and their teachers are scheduled to occur through childhood and adolescence and into early adulthood.

Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation (previously Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children)

From the University of Minnesota's Institute of Child Development, the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation (previously Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children) began in 1975 with the recruitment of 267 first-time mothers in their third trimester of pregnancy. The overarching goal of the project is to trace the course of individual development and to understand factors that guide it toward good outcomes or poor outcomes.

National Children's Study (U.S.)

The National Children's Study examines the effects of environmental influences on the health and development of 100,000 children across the United States, following them from before birth until age 21. The goal of the study is to improve the health and well-being of children.

National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (USA)

The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) is a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of adolescents in grades 7-12 in the United States during the 1994-95 school year. The Add Health cohort has been followed into young adulthood. Add Health combines longitudinal survey data on respondents' social, economic, psychological and physical well-being with contextual data on the family, neighbourhood, community, school, friendships, peer groups, and romantic relationships, providing opportunities to study how social environments and behaviours in adolescence are linked to health and achievement outcomes in young adulthood.

NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (USA)

Initiated by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in 1991, this comprehensive longitudinal study was designed to answer questions about the relationship between child care experiences and characteristics and children's developmental outcomes.

Simmons Longitudinal Study: Adaptation and Development Across the Lifespan

Based at the College Graduate School of Social Work, Boston, MA, the Simmons Longitudinal Study (SLS) began in 1976 to follow one group of children entering kindergarten to adulthood. The study began as a broad-based effort to determine behavioural, health, and family factors that identify preschool youth at risk for poor academic performance and adjustment in the early school years. Data collection has focused on important developmental stages in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.

Statistics Canada's National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY)

The NLSCY is a comprehensive survey designed to examine a variety of factors thought to influence a child's social, emotional and behavioural development. The study is following a representative sample of Canadian children from birth to early adulthood.

US Child Development Supplement to the Panel Study of Income Dynamics

The Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) is a longitudinal survey of a representative sample of American families. Data on employment, income, wealth, housing, food expenditures, income transfers, marriage and children have been collected annually since 1968. In 1997, several changes took place. First, the study shifted from annual to biennial data collection. Second, in order to keep the study representative of the U.S. population, the core sample was reduced and a refresher sample of post-1968 immigrant families was introduced.


Other Australian Longitudinal Studies

Australian Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ALSA)

ALSA is a cross-disciplinary prospective study of adults aged 70 years and over that began in Adelaide, Australia in 1992 and is being conducted by the Centre for Ageing Studies at Flinders University. It is a population based bio-psycho-social and behavioural study of 2087 older adults residing in the community and in residential care.

Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA)

The Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey is a major longitudinal panel survey of Australian households which began in 2001. The primary objective of the HILDA survey is to support research around three inter-related objectives: income dynamics, labour market dynamics, and family dynamics.

Life at School Project, Australian National University

The Life at School Project is a longitudinal and multidisciplinary study of school bullying and building capacity to regulate safe school communities. The project started in 1996 when 32 primary schools in Canberra were asked to participate in distributing self-completion questionnaires to children and their parents about the quality of school life. The focus of the research was school bullying, who was most likely to be a victim or a perpetrator of bullying, how well were schools dealing with bullying, and what should be done to manage the problem better. Since 1996, versions of the Life at School Survey have been conducted in Bangladesh, Canada and South Korea. In 1999, a follow-up was conducted to investigate status of original children in relation to bullying and victimization. Longitudinal information can now be obtained on continuity and change in children's experiences of bullying and victimization from middle childhood to young adulthood.

Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia (LSIA)

The LSIA is the most comprehensive survey of immigrants ever to be undertaken in Australia. There are a number of LSIA surveys, surveying migrants arriving in Australia (or being granted their visa) at different points.

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY)

The LSAY study the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. The oldest group in the project was born in 1961 while the youngest were born between 1987 and 1988. Issues investigated in the LSAY project include school achievement and school completion, participation in vocational and university education, gaining and maintaining employment, and household and family formation.

Negotiating the Life Course, Australian National University

The Negotiating the Life Course Project is designed to study the changing life courses and decision-making processes of Australian men and women as the family and society move from male breadwinner orientation in the direction of higher levels of gender equity.

Queensland School Reform Longitudinal Study

The Queensland School Reform Longitudinal Study (QSRLS) is the most extensive observation study of classroom practices conducted in Australia. It was commissioned by Education Queensland (EQ) and conducted by researchers from the School of Education, The University of Queensland, from 1998 to 2000. The researchers made detailed observations and statistical analyses of 975 classroom lessons offered in 24 EQ schools over three years. The Study sought to investigate possible relationships between school-based management practices and enhanced student outcomes, both academic and social.

The PATH Through Life Project, Australian National University

The Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Project is a large (N=7485), ongoing, population-based, longitudinal cohort study of young (20-24 years at baseline), midlife (40-44 years at baseline), and older (60-64 years at baseline) adults randomly selected from the Australian Capital Territory and Queanbeyan regions in Australia.

The project aims to track and define the lifespan course of depression, anxiety, substance use and cognitive ability, identify environmental risk and protective factors within these domains, and examine the relationships between depression, anxiety and substance use with cognitive ability and dementia. Three waves of data have been collected to date (1999/2002; 2003/2006; 2007/2009).

Wollongong Youth Study

The Wollongong Youth Study (WYS) is a longitudinal study of over 800 teenagers in Wollongong, New South Wales and metropolitan Sydney. With the support of the Australian Research Council (2004-2006) and the on-going support of the Wollongong Catholic Diocese, the WYS commenced in 2003 when students entered high school. The broad aim of this research is to identify the key psychological factors that put adolescents at risk of poor emotional, social, behavioural, and academic well-being. Students are currently surveyed once a year.

Women's Health Australia

The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health commenced in 1996 and conducts surveys with over 40,000 Australian women who were aged 18-23, 45-50 and 70-75 when the study began. The study collects information on women's physical health, mental health, psychosocial wellbeing and sociodemographic factors and other factors. The study is being conducted by researchers from the University of Newcastle in collaboration with the University of Queensland. The study was commissioned by the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing. Women's Health Australia is designed to follow young, mid-age and older women for up to 20 years and will explore factors that promote or reduce health in women who are broadly representative of the whole Australian population.